Bio + Publications

I am an Assistant Professor of Political Communication & Journalism at the Amsterdam School of Communication Research (University of Amsterdam). I am interested in the psychological roots of citizens’ political beliefs. I mostly study the role of personality and emotions.

My work has appeared in journals such as Nature Human Behaviour,  the American Politcal Science Review, the Journal of Politics, Political Psychology,  European Journal of Political Research, Perspectives on Politics and European Union Politics.

I also serve as an Associate Editor at the Journal of Experimental Political Science. I am the co-founder of the Hot Politics Lab, a lab-group in which we study the role of emotions and personality in politics (here). I am also the founder and co-organizer of the Dutch Political Psychology Meetings which are held twice a year at the University of Amsterdam.

You can read my CV (here),  or click here for my Google Scholar page

Academic appointments

  • 2015 – current: Assistant professor at the University of Amsterdam
  • 2017 – 2018: Visiting researcher at Temple University
  • 2014 – 2015: Postdoctoral researcher at the University of Amsterdam
  • 2011 – 2014: PhD candidate at the University of Southern Denmark



  • Bakker, B.N., & Schumacher, G., & Rooduijn, M. (in press). Hot Politics. Affective responses to   political communication. American Political Science Review. Preprint
  • Bakker, B.N., Schumacher, G., & Rooduijn, M. (in press). The populist appeal. Personality and anti-establishment communication. The Journal of Politics. Preprint
  • Malka, A., Lelkes, Y., Bakker, B.N., Spivak, E. (in press). Who is open to authoritarian governance within western democracies? Perspectives on Politics. Preprint
  • Bakker, B.N., & Schumacher, G., & Homan, M. (in press). Yikes! Are we disgusted by politicians? Politics and the Life Sciences. Preprint
  • Bakker, B.N., Schumacher, G., Gothreau, C., & Arceneaux, K. (2020). Conservatives and liberals have similar physiological responses to threats: Evidence from three replication. Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 613-621. Preprint
  • Bakker, B.N., Lelkes, Y. & Malka (2020). Understanding partisan cue receptivity: Tests from predictions from the bounded rationality and expressive utility perspectives. The Journal of Politics. 82(3), 1061-1077.  Preprint
  • Schoonvelde, M., Brosius, A., Schumacher, S. & Bakker, B.N. (2019). Liberals lecture, conservatives   communicate: Analyzing complexity and ideology in 381,609 speeches. PloS one, 14(2),  e0208450. (Open access)
  • Schoonvelde, M., Schumacher, S. & Bakker, B.N. (2019). Friends with text as data benefits: Assessing and extending the use of automated text analysis in political science and political psychology. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 7(1), 124-143. (Open access)
  • Bakker, B.N. & Lelkes, Y. (2018). Selling ourselves short. How abbreviated measures of personality change the way we think about personality and politics. The Journal of Politics, 80(4), 1311-1325. (Open access)
  • Bakker, B.N. (2018). With an Open Mind: A Review of “Open versus Closed. Personality, Identity, and the Politics of Redistribution” by Johnston, Lavine and Federico. Social Justice Research, 31(4), 386-399
  • Bakker, B.N. (2017). Personality traits, income and economic ideology. Political Psychology. 38(6): 1025-1041(Open access). Blog at LSE British Politics and Society; StukRoodVlees
  • Bakker, B. N., Klemmensen, R., Nørgaard, A.S., & Schumacher, G. (2016). Stay loyal or exit the party? How openness to experience and extroversion explain vote switching. Political Psychology. 37(3): 419-429. (Open access). Covered on PsyPost, LSE British Politics and Society; StukRoodVlees
  • Bakker, B.N., Rooduijn, M., & Schumacher, G. (2016). Personality traits and voting for populist parties: Evidence from the United States, the Netherlands and Germany. European Journal of Political Research. 55 (2): 302-320. (Open access). Covered on: Monkey Cage; The Science Behind Trump; StukRoodVlees (1); StukRoodVlees (2)
  • Bakker, B.N., &  De Vreese, C.H. (2016). Personality and European Union attitudes: Relationships across European Union attitude dimensions. European Union Politics 17(1): 25-45. (Open access). Covered on: BBC 2 (Daily Politics); Blogs at LSE EUROPP Blog; Democratic Audit UK.
  • Bakker, B.N., Hopmann, D.N., & Persson, M. (2015). Personality traits and party identification over time. European Journal of Political Research 54(2), 197-215. (Open access)